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Articles ( Showing 1-20 of 21 items)
Open Access Journal Article
A meta-analysis of the eosinophil counts in the small intestine and colon of children without obvious gastrointestinal disease
by Mohammed A. Amin
Abstract
Background We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the eosinophil counts in the small intestine and colon of children without obvious gastrointestinal disease. There are now a variety of viewpoints on eosinophil counts in the small intestine and colon of children without obvious gastrointestinal disease, and there are not many thorough assessments that are pertinent. Methods [...] Read more

Open Access Review
What should be learned from the COVID-19 pandemic for the next coronavirus pandemics?
by Marwa O. Elgendy , Mona A. Abdelrahman  and  Mohamed E.A. Abdelrahim
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic showed us that the world should have a proper protocol for the handling of such pandemics. A similar severe coronavirus pandemic occurs in 1918 (The spinach flu pandemic) and took two years to finish. Both pandemics took a lot of lives. The 1918 Spanish flu pandemic was prevented with lower healthcare facilities. The main prevention method was social dist [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Reducing time and potential errors in CPR medications using a CPR calculator in paediatric wards
by Saleh Binobaid , Mohammed Almeziny , Ip-Shing Fan , Salem Almeziny  and  Abdullah Almeziny
Abstract
Background: The aim is to present an electronic CPR calculator combined with CDSS (clinical decision support system) as a safer and faster method for CPR calculation than manual calculation. Methods: A group of 70 nurses were randomly selected to calculate a CPR card and then enter the patient data into the CPR calculator. The time needed to complete the calculations and the t [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Assessment of educated people awareness level and sources about COVID-19
by Marwa O. Elgendy , Haitham Saeed  and  Heba A. Abou-Taleb
Abstract
Background: Measurement of educated people knowledge about COVID-19 is important to enhance health measures to reduce the rate of infection. Also, knowing the most usable source of data for the public is important point for enhancing the public awareness about the disease. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the awareness and the practices related to COVID-19 among educated peo [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
A cost-comparative analysis of intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose versus Iron Sucrose for the ambulatory treatment of Iron-deficiency Anemia in a major tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia
by S Alzahrani , M Almeziny , A Narang , O Mohamed , Salem Almeziny  and  Abdullah Almeziny
Abstract
Background: The objective of this study was to compare the cost of outpatient ferric carboxymaltose (FCM; Ferinject®) versus Iron sucrose complex (ISC; Ferosac®), two prevalent intravenous iron therapy used in the treatment of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) from a tertiary care hospital perspective. Methods: A retrospective study was [...] Read more

Open Access Review
Determining the efficacy of N-acetyl cysteine in treatment of pneumonia in COVID-19 hospitalized patients: A meta-analysis
by Mohamed E.A Shaaban  and  Ahmed I.M Mohamed
Abstract
Background Most patients infected with COVID-19 experienced cold-like symptoms. Some other patients developed more serious symptoms such as pneumonia. N-Acetylcysteine ​​(NAC) is known to be effective against acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The effect of NAC on hospitalized COVID-19 patients was unknown. Ther [...] Read more

Open Access Review Article
COVID-19 a global crisis: Features, complications and suggested treatments
by Mustafa M. Abo-Elela  and  Nermeen A. ElKasabgy
Abstract
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19); caused by the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is the talk of everyone all over the world in 2020 since it has been considered as a public health emergency of international concern by WHO in 30th January, 2020. COVID-19 is a highly transmittable disease with different symptoms which can vary from mild to severe and life threatening. [...] Read more

Open Access Review
Stability Indicating Double Divisor Spectrophotometric Method for determination of Diloxanide Furoate and Metronidazole in Their Binary Mixture
by Maha M. Abdelrahman , Nouruddin W. Ali , Samah S. Abbas , Hala E. Zaazaa  and  M. Abdelkawy
Abstract
Diloxanide furoate (DXF) and Metronidazole (MTZ) are commonly combined as a binary mixture for the treatment of a variety of diseases brought on by bacteria and parasites including amoebiasis and giardiasis. Different analytical methods were established for determination of both DXF and MTZ, However, only one chemometric spectrophotometric method was established for their stabi [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Neuraxial anesthesia compared to general anesthesia in subjects with hip fracture surgery: A meta-analysis
by Hasnaa Osama , Haitham Saeed , Mina Nicola  and  Marina Emad
Abstract
Background We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of neuraxial anesthesia compared to general anesthesia on postoperative results in hip fracture surgery subjects. Methods A systematic literature search up to January 2021 was done and 20 studies included 298785 subjects with hip fracture surgery at the start of the study; 80783 of them were under neuraxial anes [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Dual compared with triple antithrombotics treatment effect on ischemia and bleeding in atrial fibrillation following percutaneous coronary intervention: A meta-analysis
by Marina Emad , Hasnaa Osama , Hoda Rabea  and  Haitham Saeed
Abstract
Background: We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of dual antithrombotic treatment (DATT) including direct oral anticoagulants (OAs) versus triple antithrombotic (TAT) with vitamin K antagonist on bleeding and ischemic results in atrial fibrillation (AF) after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: A systematic literature search up to April 2021 was done [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
A meta-analysis of the impact on gastrectomy versus endoscopic submucosal dissection for early stomach cancer
by Rajesh K. Singh
Abstract
Background: We conducted a meta-analysis to assess the impact of gastrectomy versus endoscopic submucosal dissection for early stomach cancer. There are-now-a-variety-of-viewpoints-on-gastrectomy-versus-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-stomach-cancer,-and-there-are-not-many-thorough-assessments-that-are-pertinent. Methods: A-systematic-literature-search-up-to-July [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Wound complications frequency in minor technique gastrectomy compared to open gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A meta-analysis
by A. Sundaresan
Abstract
Background: A meta-analysis investigation was executed to measure the wound complications (WCs) frequency in minor technique gastrectomy (MTG) compared to open gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer (GC). Methods: A comprehensive literature inspection till February 2023 was applied and 2078 interrelated investigations were reviewed. The 17 chosen investigations enclosed 12746 i [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Ursolic acid and rosiglitazone combination prevent low-grade inflammation and hepatic insulin resistance by modulating cytokine expression in mice fed a high-fat diet
by Arjunan Sundaresan , Thangaiyan Radhiga  and  Kodukkur Viswanathan Pugalendi
Abstract
Background: The objective of this research endeavor was to assess the effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) and ursolic acid (UA) on hepatic insulin signaling indicators and inflammatory marker concentrations in C57/BL/6J mice that were provided with a high-fat diet (HFD). Methods: C57BL/6J mice were fed a HFD for 16 weeks and orally administered UA (5 mg/kg BW), RSG (4 mg/kg BW), [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Deep Transfer Learning with Fused Optimal Features for Detection of Diabetic Foot Ulcers
by Venkatesan Rajinikanth
Abstract
Abstract: Background: As a result of the availability of high-speed computing devices, disease screening procedures in modern hospitals have significantly improved over the last few decades. As a result of this invention of deep learning procedures (DP), this work implemented modern diagnostic schemes to achieve accurate and fast results when screening patients for diseases [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Compliance, Public Knowledge, Perceptions, and Attitude of Egyptians people Towards COVID‑19: A cross-sectional study
by Aya N. El-Din Sayed , Reem Ahmed M. Abdallah , Rana Ahmed M. Abdallah , Ahmed N. El-Din Sayed  and  Michel Y. Fares
Abstract
Background:  The world is facing a terrible challenge to overcome the COVID-19 global outbreak. The spread of COVID-19 pandemic disease has put global health, life and work style, social and economic growth at high risk. The current study was aimed at extracting COVID-19 related information, attitudes and behaviors commitment level from the general population and healthca [...] Read more

Open Access Review
Genetic Polymorphisms and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
by Sherouk M Okda , Amira B Kassem , Ahmad Salahuddin  and  Noha A El-Bassiouny
Abstract
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death and disability worldwide. Major and well-established cardiovascular disease risk factors include advancing age, male sex, hypertension, smoking, diabetes, elevated total serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Genetic polymorphism represents an additional [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Local and Systemic side effects of COVID-19 Vaccines
by Ahmed D. Alatawi , Marwa O. Elgendy , Ahmed M. Sayed , Shafiq Naguib Shafiq , Ali H. El-Bahrawy , Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi , Yusra Habib Khan , Abdulaziz Ibrahim Alzarea , Nasser Hadal Alotaibi  and  Abdullah Salah Alanazi
Abstract
Background: To increase the public's acceptance of the vaccine, knowledge of its side effects is crucial. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify side effects in the Saudi population following vaccinations with Pfizer BioNTech and AstraZeneca. Method: In Saudi Arabia, an online survey was conducted between March and October of 2021. Participants from Saudi Arabia wh [...] Read more

Open Access Review
The application of negative pressure wound treatment in oncoplastic breast surgery
by Akram Zangeneh  and  Mohammad Mahdi Zangeneh
Abstract
After breast surgery, wound complications are not uncommon. In patients with breast cancer, delayed wound healing may cause poor cosmesis and postpone the start of adjuvant therapy. Since there is now disagreement about the use of preventive negative pressure dressings in closed wounds following breast surgery, the goal of our research was to examine the literature regarding th [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Prevalence of wound infection following right anterolateral thoracotomy and median sternotomy for resection of benign atrial masses that induce heart failure, arrhythmia, or thromboembolic events: A meta-analysis
by Mohammad Mahdi Zangeneh  and  Akram Zangeneh
Abstract
Background: A meta-analysis study to assess the prevalence of wound infection (WI) following right anterolateral thoracotomy (RAT) and median sternotomy (MS) for resection of benign atrial masses (BAM) that induce heart failure, arrhythmia, or thromboembolic events. Methods: A comprehensive literature examination till February 2023 was implemented and 296 linked studies were [...] Read more

Open Access Journal Article
Muscles and physical activity; the importance of physical activity in the burning process of food calories; the culture of physical activity among students of middle school
by Ariana Striniqi
Abstract
Background: The aim of this work is to demonstrate the importance of physical activity for human health. The aim of the work is to sensitize pupils of this age to the importance of physical activity. The most important factor for the realization of physical activity is the muscles. Methods: Precisely for this reason, we tried to explain to young people of this age that phys [...] Read more